About Odisha: Tourism, Mining Industries, Agriculture, Economy & Geography
Odisha is located in the eastern region of India. The state shares its borders with West Bengal on the north-east, Jharkhand on the north, Andhra Pradesh on the south, Chhattisgarh on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east.
The state’s economy witnessed high growth rates between 2016-17 and 2020-21, with GSDP of the state growing at a CAGR of 6.72%. Cumulative FDI inflows in the state amounted to US$ 32.80 million between October 2019 and March 2021.
Odisha has emerged as the key state with regard to the mineral and metal-based industries. In 2019-20^, Odisha contributed to the largest share (35.3%) of mineral production (by value*) in India. Value* of minerals produced in the state reached Rs. 70.54 billion (US$ 951 million) in 2020-21^.
It is the first state in India to have undertaken reform and restructuring initiatives in the power sector. As of April 2021, Odisha accounted for a total installed power generation capacity of 8,594.47 megawatts (MW).
Odisha has a well-developed social, physical, and industrial infrastructure, and the state government has undertaken several infrastructural projects to further promote overall development. The state's infrastructure includes well-connected road and rail networks, airports, ports, power, and telecom.
- Total merchandise exports from Odisha stood at ~US$ 6.66 billion in FY20 and US$ 10.22 billion in FY21.
- Odisha’s industries are based mainly on the natural resources available in the state. It carries more than 35% of country’s natural resources. The state has significant reserves of iron ore, bauxite, nickel, coal, etc. Hence, it is an attractive destination for mineral-based industries. In March 2021, ArcelorMittal-Nippon Steel India and the Odisha government signed a MoU to establish a 12 MT integrated steel plant in the state, with an investment worth Rs. 50,000 crore (US$ 6.88 billion).
- In Union Budget 2021, Odisha allocated 6.4% of its total expenditure on health, (higher than the average allocation for health by other states (5.5%), 7.5% on rural development (higher than the average allocation for rural development by other states (6.1%) and 7.8% on roads and bridges (higher than the average allocation by states (4.3%).
- In Maritime India Summit 2021, the government announced to establish Odisha as the hub of maritime trade.
- About 153.07 lakh domestic tourists and 1.15 lakh foreign tourists visited Odisha in 2019-20.
*- Excluding fuel minerals, atomic minerals and minor minerals, ^- Until September 2020
Geographical Area (sq km)155,707
State LanguageOriya, Hindi and English
Literacy Rate72.87 per cent
Iron & Steel
IT and ITeS
Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare inaugurated six new ‘Outreach Service Centres for Communication Disorders' across the country by All India Institute of Speech and Hearing (AIISH), Mysuru.
The High Level Committee (HLC) under the Chairmanship of the Union Home Minister, Mr. Amit Shah, has approved additional Central assistance under the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) to six States, which were affected by cyclone/ floods/ landslides during this year.