* Oil demand in India is projected to register a 2x growth to reach 11 million barrels per day by 2045.
* Diesel demand in India is expected to double to 163 MT by 2029-30, with diesel and gasoline covering 58% of India’s oil demand by 2045.
* Consumption of natural gas in India is expected to grow by 25 billion cubic metres (bcm), registering an average annual growth of 9% until 2024.
* India aims to commercialise 50% of its SPR (strategic petroleum reserves) to raise funds and build additional storage tanks to offset high oil prices.
* In October 2021, the Union Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas approved a revised project cost of Rs. 28,026 crore (US$ 3.8 billion) to increase refining capacity–for the ongoing Numaligarh Refinery Expansion Project – from 3 mmtpa to 9 mmtpa.
* In July 2021, the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) approved an order allowing 100% foreign direct investments (FDIs) under automatic route for oil and gas PSUs.
* The Government has allowed 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in upstream and private sector refining projects.
* In the Union Budget 2022-23, the customs duty on certain critical chemicals for petroleum refining were reduced.
* In November 2021, the government set up a committee to work out measures needed to make natural gas available to power plants at reasonably stable prices.
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